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PPL Pilot Practice Exams

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3 Months

Private Pilot Licence PPL Practice Exam Questions

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Problem Topic Videos

Videos to help you with problem topics.


Download 13MD PDF.

PPL Ultimate Checklist

The ultimate checklist to help pass your PPL exam.

PPL Flight Test

Knowledge Guide.


Do 10 questions of 50+

On the TAF3.

Flight School Knowledge

For use when flight schools issue an in house Aeronautical Knowledge written or oral test. Do 20 random from 70+ questions.

Flight Test Questions

For use to prepare for some of the possible flight test questions. Do 20 random from 60+ questions. Use in conjunction with the Flight School Knowledge practice exam.

PPL Ground Theory

Provided by a recent graduate. Please note, this has not been checked or endorsed by an instructor. For your pre-licence theory ground test.

PPL Pre-Solo 1

Do 20 of 35+ questions.

PPL Pre-Solo 2

Do 20 of 30+ questions.

PPL Pre-Solo Final Prep

Do 30 of 60+ questions.

Use All Exams To Build Knowledge Then Focus On These Few

Check CASA’s website for the most up to date permitted materials list.

Usually found by googling, “PPL Permitted Materials CASA”.

Fuel reserves are in accordance with CASR Part 91 Table 19.02 for aeroplanes ≤5700kg by Day VFR.

PPL Final Prep

This is our latest PPL exam and the best indication you will have of your progress. This has 150+ questions so do it many times.

PPL Final Prep 2

60 random questions from the PPL and CASA question banks. Most difficult. This has 100+ questions so do it many times.

PPL Final Prep 3

30 random questions from the PPL and CASA question banks. Most difficult. Has “type in” TO charts. This has 90+ questions so do it many times.

CASA Full 60

Also use these older CASA samples to familiarise yourself with CASA wording.

New Fuel Dec 2021

Part 91 Fuel Questions

Do 30 of 55 questions.


This exam covers the new (Nov 17) GAF & GPWT. Refer to feedback half way down page Do 20 of 40+ questions


Threat and error management used to be CPL. CASA is sneaking more and more of it into RPL and PPL.

TEM Safety Behaviours PDF

Threat and error management used to be CPL. CASA is sneaking more and more of it into RPL and PPL.

AGK Final Prep

Do 30 questions of 55+ questions on CASA problem topics from syllabus units PAKC & BAKC.


Required to be known for RPL , PPL and upwards.

CASA Radio Procedures

Do 19 questions.  This exam is valuable for all licence levels and many exams.

PPL Human Factors

Required to be known for RPL , PPL and upwards.

VTC Charts

20 of 30 Random Q’s on VNC Charts


ERC Low Charts

20 of 40+ Q’s on ERC Low Charts


VNC Charts

20 of 30+ Random Q’s on VNC Charts


PPLH Practice Exams

Check CASA’s website for the most up to date permitted materials list.

Usually found by googling, “PPLH Permitted Materials CASA”.


Do 20 of 30 helicopter specific questions for RPL (H) and PPL (H)

Reference: VFRG (H).


Do 20 of 30 helicopter specific questions for RPL (H) and PPL (H)

Reference: VFRG (H).


Do 20 of 30+ helicopter specific questions for RPL (H) and PPL (H)

Reference: VFRG (H).

PPLH Performance

Helicopter specific questions for PPL (H)

Reference: Bell 206 LR II & FAA Helicopter Flying Handbook

Do 20 of 40 questions.

PPLH Bell 206 LRII

Helicopter specific questions for PPL (H)

Reference: Bell 206 LR II Handbook

Do 20 of 35+ questions.

Use These Exams Below To Build Knowledge

CASA likes to change questions often, so ignoring these below will guarauntee a fail.

Charts Advice

CASA identified charts as a cause of fails. Make sure you read this section.


GAF GPWT and decoding weather are a major cause of fails. Make sure you read these sections on the BOM website and all the associated PDF’s.

Loading Systems

Loading Questions, this exam is in early development, pls provide feedback.

PPL Performance 1

Do 35 questions

ISA, Density & Pressure Altitude

Forces, Air Speeds.

PPL Performance 2

Do 40 questions, IAS, TAS, CAS

Calculations, Aircraft Category,

W&Bal, TO & L Performance, Alpha Chart.

PPL Aircraft Weights

Do 15 questions. TOW, Moments

Moment Index, Load Distribution

W&Bal, Take Off Performance.

PPL Meteorology 1

Do 15 questions, 1 of 6 exams

Layers, Ozone, Vapour,

Pressure Systems.

PPL Meteorology 2

Do 15 questions, 2 of 6 exams

Layers, Ozone, Vapour,

Synoptic Charts & More.

PPL Meteorology 3

Do 15 questions, 3 of 6 exams

Synoptic Charts, Gradients

Sea Breeze & More.

PPL Meteorology 4

Do 15 questions, 4 of 6 exams

Wind, Wind Directions

Atmospheric Water.

PPL Meteorology 5

Do 15 questions, 5 of 6 exams

Humidity, Dew Point

Inversion, Instability.

PPL Meteorology 6

Do 15 questions, 6 of 6 exams

Fronts, Front Types

Wind Directions.

PPL Local Meteorology

Do 20 questions, 1 of 4 exams

Cloud Formation, Cloud Types

Turbulence, Convergence.

PPL Local Meteorology 2

Do 15 questions, 2 of 4 exams

Cloud Effects, ETAGE

Air Mass & Movement.

PPL Local Meteorology 3

Do 15 questions, 3 of 4 exams

Fronts, Fog, Mist

Fog Types, VFR In Fog.

PPL Local Meteorology 4

Do 15 questions, 4 of 4 exams

Mountain Wave, Lee

Rotors, Crossing Ranges.

PPL Ice 1

Do 15 questions, 1 of 2 exams

Ice, Types, Formation

Conditions, Temps.

PPL Ice 2

Do 10 questions, 2 of 2 exams

Frost, Ice Removal

Frost Formation.

PPL Thunderstorms

Do 16 questions

Thunderstorms, Stages

Dangers, Levels.

PPL Other Storms

Do 10 questions

Cyclones, Dust,

Tornadoes, Waterspouts.

PPL Operational Met..

Do 15 questions, 1 of 2 exams

ARFOR, Abbrev…

Cloud, Visibility etc.

PPL Operational Met 2

Do 20 of 25 questions, 2 of 2 exams

Reading ARFOR TAF etc

Warning Difficult.


Do 15 of 15 questions

ARFOR, Oktas

Fuel Reserve.

Flight Notifications

Do 10 of 10 questions

Submitting Flight

Notifications to AA.

Flight Navigation 1

Do 15 questions, 1 of 3 exams

Nav, Poles, Magnetic

Deviation, Lat & Long.

Flight Navigation 2

Do 17 questions, 2 of 3 exams

Charts, Distance, Speeds

Fuel Planning & Calcs.

Flight Navig 3 Time

Do 11 questions, 2 of 3 exams



PPL Preflight Planning

Do 15 questions

Track, Drift, GS, TAS

M° v  T°, Descents.

PPL Enroute Navigation

Do 10 questions

TMG, 1in 60, Map to G

Fixing Positions.

ATC Phrases - FREE


Do 10 of 14 questions  on ATC phrases

Review Quiz to see answers.

PPL Flight Rules

Do 15 questions

Circuits, Calls, Indicators

Remote, Over Water.

PPL Airspace

Do 15 questions

Classes, Procedures

CTR, Readbacks.

PPL Maint & Inspections

Do 8 questions

Daily Inspections, Releases

Maint Allowed by PIC.

RPL Aerodynamics 1

Do 25 of 47 questions on RPL Aerodynamics Syllabus questions.

RPL Aerodynamics 2

Do 25 of 48 questions on RPL Aerodynamics Syllabus questions.

RPL Aerody.. Controls

Aerodynamic Controls

Do 20 questions in exam 1 of 2

Aerodynamics, Control Surfaces.

RPL Aerodynamic Design

Do 23 questions, exam 1 of 2

Flaps, Balancers, Drag

Flap Types, Flutter.

RPL Aerody.. Forces

Do 21 questions, exam 1 of 3

Aerodynamics Forces, Vectors

A of A, Stalling, Airfoils.

RPL Climbing

Do 15 questions on Angle, Rate,

Performance, Scenarios.

RPL Descending

Do 10 questions on  Descending, Power, Weight, Wind, Wind Shear.

RPL Manoeuvres 1

Do 15 questions, exam 1 of 2

Turns, Bank Angle, Balance

Load Factors, Calculations.

RPL Manoeuvres 2

Do 26 questions, exam 2 of 2

Wind In Turns, Stalling IAS

Stalls, Wake Turbulence.

RTF Alphabet

Do 26 questions

As Multi choice or

Fill In the Blank.

Weather Forecast MP3

Download and listen to weather forecast info from the AIP e.g. OKTAS, and weather codes.

Downloads & Websites

Download Day VFR Workbook

Download the 56 page Day VFR Exam & Training Workbook. Learn the 4 box landing and takeoff charts plus loading alpha, bravo , charlie.

Download The CASA RPL PPL CPL Workbook

RPL PPL CPL Workbook Version 2018. RPL, PPL must know this all except echo. CPL must know Echo as well.

See Dec 2 2021 highlighted changes here.

CASA Current Rules

All the current Acts, regulations, associated legislative instruments and guidance material from CASA.

Go To The VFRG Website

This Visual flight rules guide (VFRG) has been designed primarily for VFR pilots engaged in domestic operations.The VFRG only comes in web and hard copy. Extremely useful. Examiner to supply but can be purchased here $35+.

Go To Part 61 MOS

The full Part 61 Manual Of Standards should you require it. Note I have a stripped down version under PPL Requirements.

Download The VOR Blue Book

Commonly referred to in flying training circles as “the blue books”, are in regular use with flying schools.

Download The NDB Blue Book

Commonly referred to in flying training circles as “the blue books”, are in regular use with flying schools.

Download The ILS Blue Book

Commonly referred to in flying training circles as “the blue books”, are in regular use with flying schools.

Download The DME Blue Book

Commonly referred to in flying training circles as “the blue books”, are in regular use with flying schools.

CASA Exam Information

Contains info on times, cost, permitted materials and more.

RPL and PPL go here : https://www.casa.gov.au/standard-page/rpl-and-ppl-exams

For CPL go here: https://www.casa.gov.au/standard-page/cpl-exams

Visual Flight Rules Guide (aka VFRG)

The VFRG is going to be incredibly useful in the RPL and PPL exams. You must have an official hard copy.

The online version is available here:  https://vfrg.casa.gov.au/

Highly Relevant CAAP's and AC's

CAAP 92-1 ALA’s see AC 91-10 and AC 91-02 Suitable places to land for AC under 5700kg and for helicopters see AC91-29

CAAP 234 Guidelines For Aircraft Fuel Requirements – replaced by AC 91-25 and AC 91-15

CAAP 235 Carriage & Restraint Of Small Children In Aircraft – replaced by AC91-18

Carriage of Animals AC 91-03

Wake Turbulence AC 91-16

Aircraft Checklists AC 91-22

ADS-B For Enhancing Situational Awareness AC 91-23

EFB – Electronic Flight Bags AC 91-17

Passenger Safety Information AC’s 91-19 121-04 133-10 135-12 138-10 (depending on which part you operate under)

CAAP 166 Operations In The Vicinity Of Non-Controlled Aerodromes see AC 91-10

Pilots Responsibilities For Collision Avoidance AC 91-14

Performance Based Navigation AC 91-05.

Advice on scuba diving information

CASA is preparing a CAAP for flight crew on the effects of scuba diving on flying, including recommendations on how long an aircrew member should not fly following a particular scuba diving session. This CAAP will provide recommendations based on recent medical findings. Until this is published, only the general aspects of the effect of scuba diving on flying (but not the associated time constraints) will be examined. When the CAAP is published, candidates and instructors shall refer to the CAAP as the ‘master’ reference for the study of this CPL topic.

In the meanwhile, for readers seeking guidance on how long they should not fly after a scuba diving session, they are advised to refer to their own aviation medical experts.

Even though the above is on the CASA CPL Exams page, I know for a fact they have questions on the heights that scuba recommendations affect and the hours between deco or non-deco  dives and flying.

Highly Relevant CASR

61.112 – 61.118 Flying As A Student Pilot

61.120 / 61.125 Operations With/without Radio Licence

61.16 Grant Of Flight Crew Licences

61.375 / 61.380 / 61.390 / 61.395 Limitations On Exercise Of Privileges Of Pilot Licence

61.400 Flight Reviews

61.405 / 61.410  Medical Requirements

61.420 Documents To Be Carried

61.422 English Language Requirements

61.755 Design Features Requiring Endorsements

61.430 Taxi, 61.435 / 61.1227 Radio

61.460 – 61.500 RPL

61.505 – 61.515 PPL

61.525 Training Requirements

67.235 Pregnancy

67.265 / 67.272 Obligations To Tell CASA Of Medical Changes / Impaired Flying

91.100 – 91.120 Carriage of documents

91.160 – 91.165 Firearms

91.273 – 91.285 VFR Flight Rules

91.287 – 91.320 IFR Flight Rules

91.360 – 91.405 Avoiding Collisions

91.410 – 91.430 Takeoff, Landing and Ground Operations

91.455 – 91.515  Fuel Requirements

91.520 – 91.620 Safety of Persons and Cargo

91.625 – 91.660 Instruments, Equipment, Systems

91.670 – 91.710 Signals, Emergencies, Hazards

91.795 – 91.800 Takeoff and Landing Performance

91.810 Equipment

Highly Relevant Part 91 MOS

Chapter 7 Weather

Chapter 8 Alternate

Chapter 10 Matters To Be Checked Before Takeoff

Chapter 11.02 Transition layer

11.11 – 11.18 Controlled airspace

11.3 PRD Areas

Chapter 12 Minimum Height Rules

Chapter 13 VFR Flights & Chapter 14 IFR

Chapter 19 Fuel Requirements Also see AC 91-25 and AC 91-15

Chapter 20 Safety Of Persons and Cargo

Chapter 21 Radio

Chapter 23 Aircraft Interception

Chapter 24 Takeoff Performance

Chapter 25 Landing Performance

Chapter 26 Equipment

Highly Relevant AIP

The AIP is to big to list all relevant items, know whats in it and how to find things in it during your exam. The VFRG will be quicker for most things.

****Learn to use the contents starting on approx page 19*****

AIP ENR 1.4-1 to 13  Airspace Classifications

AIP ENR 1.14-1 to 10 Accidents and Incidents and Reporting

All CASA legislative and advisory instruments available here

Highly Relevant CAR

Part 1 Reg 2 (6) – (10) Definitions ~
CAR’s For Flight Rules 149-159 Towing, Dropping, Picking Up People, Parachute Ops, Public Gatherings, Low Flying, Radio Failure
CAR 143 -144 Firearms Carriage & Discharge
CAR 150 Dropping Articles
CAR 156 Flight Over Public Gatherings
CAR’s For Rules Of The Air 161 – 163 Right Of Way & Collision Prevention
CAR 166-166E For Non-Controlled Aerodromes & CAR 167 Is Controlled Aerodromes
CAR 170 – 174D VFR Rules 175-181 IFR Rules
CAR 182-203 Signals, 226 Dual Controls**** , 227 -248 Know where to find them if needed.
General Ops CAR’s 249 Prohibited Pax, 251 Seatbelts***, 252 Emergency Systems, 252A ELT,, 254 Do Not Obstruct Exits,
255 Smoking** , 253 Life Saving Equipment****** , 256 Intoxicate Pilots**** , CAR 256A Carriage Of Animals***, 257 Aerodrome Met Minima
258 Flights Over Water ******
Schedule 8 Maintenance That Can Be Carried Out By Pilots ~pg37
All CASA legislative and advisory instruments available here

CAR is allowed int he exam and can be very useful if you to used the index.

Highly Relevant Charts & Nav Gear For PPL

Sydney, Townsville & Bourke WACs, AUS PCA, ERSA, Learn To Use Your Flight Calculator (Dist, Time, Fuel).

General Helpful

The RPLA exam is based primarily on the requirements of Part 91 and Part 61 MOS Schedule 3, units 1.1.1 BAKC, 1.1.2 RBKA, unit 1.5.1 RFRC, unit 1.8.1 RMTC and 1.6.1 PHFC.

Unit 1.1.1  BAKC: Basic aeronautical knowledge – all aircraft categories

Unit 1.1.2  RBKA: Basic aeronautical knowledge – aeroplane

Unit 1.1.3  RBKH: RPL Basic aeronautical knowledge – helicopter

Unit 1.5.1 RFRC RPL flight rules and air law – all aircraft categories 

Unit 1.8.1 RMTC RPL meteorology – all aircraft categories

Unit 1.6.1 PHFC PPL human factors – all categories

You must also know all take-off and landing charts, plus Alpha Bravo and Charlie loading charts from the RPL PPL CPL Workbook

You will also need a hard copy of THE VISUAL FLIGHT RULES GUIDE [VFRG]

Available from a range of places including https://www.vfrg.com.au

Also use an AIP ENR & AIP GEN & ERSA & Aus PCA in the exam

Also Use the Part 91 Plain English Guide, Part 91 MOS and Part 91 CASR.

Meteorology Suggested Reading

  • B.O.M. Manual of Meteorology
  • AIP Book* with particular emphasis on GEN 3.5
  • The following links need to be copied and pasted, since they are not https.
  • Several Tabs On This Page http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/knowledge-centre/
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/charts/sigwx/#
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/ttf.pdf
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/taf.pdf
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/gaf/
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/gridpoint.pdf
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/sigmet.pdf
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/windtemp-charts.pdf
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/metar-speci.pdf
  • http://reg.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/thunderstorms.pdf
  • http://reg.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/icing.pdf
  • http://reg.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/turbulence.pdf
  • http://reg.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/wind-shear.pdf
  • http://reg.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/area-qnh.pdf
  • http://reg.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/flying-se.pdf
  • http://reg.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/flying-tropics.pdf

Latest Relevant Feedback From Exam Candidates

The only document I used was vfrg, it is super helpful and as Matt says repeatedly, you absolutely must know how to find almost anything in the VFRG super fast.

Expect about 5 questions you have to type numbers for instead of multiple choice.

Know your loading and performance charts and be able to do your nav calculations.

The rest you can get from the VFRG if you know it inside out and back to front.

Hey Matthew,

Firstly – Your site rocks… the price + the benefits are outstanding- well done 🙂

Tips for new players…
1. Study sux – we all know that. Know your subject, identify your weaknesses and learn the background of those weak points in whatever form you can. I found that some topics were easier to learn by using google to get plain English explanations. Text books are great to read from cover to cover, but lets face it – we won’t absorb everything. Read the text book, do some practice exams (haha using pilot practice exams) and then figure out the bits that you have no idea about… study that!
2. Focus on the stuff that is totally foreign to you, forget the rest until you know the stuff you have no idea about. I found I would do that, then come back to the stuff i thought I knew and still had some work to do on that stuff too..
3. Talk to people, don’t try to work it out yourself every time- there are so many people out there who have done these exams, and they had their own little tricks to learn/remember stuff (don’t reinvent the wheel)
4. Set a date for when you want to have your exam done – an open ended timeline will create laziness. Book your exam in advance so you are disciplined to do it.

I have completed: BAK , All exams for RPL, RA AUS Nav, PPL

PPL was a stupid exam. I knew it would be, but it was worse than i thought. The questions try to throw you, they are set for failure not success. If you don’t know your topics you will fail. You can’t rely on just having done practice exams, so use the practice to identify weaknesses only (I know you tell people that already)…

Study every day – even if it is 15 minutes on the practice exam site – this is so valuable to getting your head into an aviation space and even if you are on struggle street, you will absorb a little bit of info every day..

All exams up until PPL are really common sense and not too tricky – if you have studied that is! PPL is the one that you need to know how to find the answer, not just know the answer.
I spent 1.5 hours of my time just checking my answers. I changed at least 30%  of them once i went back and checked using the material you can take in with you. That was a good thing and clearly worked given my 95% result 🙂

  • Jan 2017 There were few, if any, questions regarding general terminology. Maybe something about aircraft speeds or other aerospace subjects but not things like definition of latitude or nautical mile or UTC.
  • Jan 2017 One type of questions you are missing in the meteo section and which are popular in the CASA exam (I had 4) is this. Instead of bombarding you with questions like whether there are 4 or 6 figures in the time stamps, what is BKN, etc, they dump a screenfull of ARFOR and then ask what the weather will be in a certain location (or during the flight from that to that) at a certain time. There are quite a few challenges apart from just deciphering the
    report. There are usually many layers of clouds, and most are localised in time or space.
  • Make sure you cover some TEM Threat Error Management in detail.

Bourke WAC chart – had the typical Narrabri to St George – Wee Waa ,pick best landmark which is in Final Prep Exams

Sydney WAC question was a calculation of degrees off course using 1 in 60 Rule and a diversion

Townsville WAC is generally Ingham to somewhere 90nm west, then do calculations for diversion and or fuel calculation.

He had several questions requiring typed responses, with basic one or two word answers

Had both loading charts Alpha and Chalrie from the workbook


50nm out to sea requirements

The VFRG is used heavily in the exam, the CAO was required for about 8 questions including on on CAO 20.9 4.5 – fuel spills, and carriage of animals and the usual question about equipment for flights over water.

Flying over underpopulated terrain 500ft minimum alt

LSALT over SFC to 3500 foot PRD is 3501

When applying 1 in 60 be careful to also add the track error to  the correction

TAS to VIC they want NDB over water coverage, use ERSA and OW=over water HN = hours of night. In most cases you will want Ow and not OW HN.

Be careful with density height if the temp is colder than ISA its a negative. EG: if OAT is 4°C at 3000 feet then ISA dev is -5 not 5.

Weight will make more diff to TODR than a wet surface in most cases.

ARFORS with subdivisions

Bravo with weights in lbs, given as a number eg 82. You had to work out max baggage allowed.

Where to fly near thunderstorms to reduce risk of hail eg up wind downwind etc Fly upwind, see CAAP 215 around page 30.

Question on fluctuating oil problem

Low octane fuel what will it cause? Detonation

Ammeter showing left of zero = alternator fail

Static vent blocked during a climb = vsi shows zero (as it measures change in static pressure)

You are disoriented what can you do to reduce/stop this. The only way is to go onto instruments and avoid sudden head movements, particularly moving or tiltng the head forward or back. So reading maps and chart on your lap is a big no no.

Question on what will reduce best angle of climb.

Cloud height and temp on windward and lee side of mountain.

Aircraft on runway while you are on final.

Supercooled water attaching to leading edge, known as rime ice if water particles are tiny and clear ice if particles are large.

BOD question for WA.

Several on A of A

The PPL Exam

The PPL exam is supervised by your CFI or CFI appointed Invigilator. The PPL exam is 3.5 hours with a pass mark of 70%, 55-60 multiple choice & numerical value questions ranging in marks from 1-3 marks each. Pass rate for 2015 was 64.29% and average time to complete took 165 minutes. Alarmingly that means you have more than a 1 in 3 chance of failing…

Areas that candidates require more learning include:

  • Interpreting of navigation aids, ADF/NDB, VOR and knowledge of GNSS
  • Effect of lowering flaps on performance of glide or descent, including AOA, the effect of a change in weight and speed
  • Factors affecting the angle of climb.
  • Interpretation of maps and charts

This data is obtained from CASA

The standards you must meet are outlined in Part 61 MOS

You should be familiar with RPL PPL CPL Workbook

You should buy a copy and label bookmarks for the VFR Guide , you may print on off here in the mean time.

Note there are strict rules about EXACTLY what you can take into the exam and how many pages you can tag. You should Google search “CASA permitted materials” for the most up to date information.

The Following Is From CASA Website Mar 2017

PPLA – PPL(Aeroplane) examination

Time permitted 3 hours 30 minutes. Pass mark, not less than 70%

Aspeq Invigilation fee* $118.50 + CASA fee $65 = $183.50

* Where the exam is sat at a flying school, the invigilation fee may vary from this amount.

Permitted material required to be supplied by the candidate:


A candidate may use either the Airservices ListOR the Jeppesen List of permitted materials ONLY. All other combinations of materials are NOT permitted.

Airservices list

CAR 1988

Part 61 of CASR

Part 91 of CASR and Part 91 MOS

CASR Part 91 Plain English Guide

AC 91-02

AIP Book



Visual Flight Rules Guide (VFRG)

Sydney, Townsville and Bourke WACs

Navigation equipment

A basic calculator

Jeppesen list

CAR 1988

Part 61 of CASR

Part 91 of CASR and Part 91 MOS

CASR Part 91 Plain English Guide

AC 91-02

Jeppesen Airway Manual


Visual Flight Rules Guide (VFRG)

Sydney, Townsville and Bourke WACs

Navigation equipment

A basic calculator

Permitted material to be provided by the Invigilator with the examination, which must be returned on completion of examination:


PPL & CPL (Aeroplane) workbook, pen, pencil, ruler, eraser and scribble pad only.

WARNING: The VFRG may not contain updated regulations, orders and/or procedures. As exam questions are based on current laws and procedures, use of the VFRG should be supported by current publications. WARNING: Candidates are reminded that the examination content (questions and/or answers) and all material provided are only for the sitting of the examination, and must not be copied or taken out of the examination room for study, training or any other purposes. This rule includes all calculations, writings, drawings or scribbling done on the scribble pad provided. Any breach of the rules may give CASA grounds for taking action against the candidate under CAR 298A, which action could lead to the outcome indicated in CAR 298A (5).

NOTE: The VFRG referred to in these lists of permitted material is that document produced by CASA and not by a third party.