Private Pilot Licence PPL Practice Exam Questions

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Problem Topic Videos

Videos to help you with problem topics

CASA's VFRG

Download 13MD PDF

PPL Ultimate Checklist

The ultimate checklist to help pass your PPL exam.

PPL Flight Test

Knowledge Guide

TAF3

Do 10 questions of 50+

On the TAF3.

Flight School Knowledge

For use when flight schools issue an in house Aeronautical Knowledge written or oral test. Do 20 random from 70+ questions.

Flight Test Questions

For use to prepare for some of the possible flight test questions. Do 20 random from 60+ questions. Use in conjunction with the Flight School Knowledge practice exam.

PPL Ground Theory

Provided by a recent graduate. Please note, this has not been checked or endorsed by an instructor. For your pre-licence theory ground test.

Use All Exams To Build Knowledge Then Focus On These Few

PPL Final Prep

This is our latest PPL exam and the best indication you will have of your progress.

PPL Final Prep 2

60 random questions from the PPL and CASA question banks. Most difficult.

PPL Final Prep 3

30 random questions from the PPL and CASA question banks. Most difficult. Has "type in" TO charts.

CASA Full 60

Also use these older CASA samples to familiarise yourself with CASA wording.

New Fuel Dec 2021

Part 91 Fuel Questions

Do 30 of 55 questions.

GAF & GPWT

This exam covers the new (Nov 17) GAF & GPWT. Refer to feedback half way down page Do 20 of 40+ questions

TEM

Threat and error management used to be CPL. CASA is sneaking more and more of it into RPL and PPL.

TEM Safety Behaviours PDF

Threat and error management used to be CPL. CASA is sneaking more and more of it into RPL and PPL.

AGK Final Prep

Do 30 questions of 55+ questions on CASA problem topics from syllabus units PAKC & BAKC.

GNSS

Required to be known for RPL , PPL and upwards.

CASA Radio Procedures

Do 19 questions.  This exam is valuable for all licence levels and many exams.

PPL Human Factors

Required to be known for RPL , PPL and upwards.

VTC Charts

20 of 30 Random Q's on VNC Charts

For RAA(Nav) RPL (Nav) PPL, CNAV, IREX

ERC Low Charts

20 of 40+ Q's on ERC Low Charts

For RAA(Nav) RPL PPL CNAV IREX

VNC Charts

20 of 30+ Random Q's on VNC Charts

For RAA(Nav) RPL (Nav) PPL, CNAV, IREX

Up in the main menu under Other > Radio Call Recordings , we have 15 recordings of various towers, ground stations and ATIS. Some people may find these very helpful

PPLH 1

Do 20 of 30 helicopter specific questions for RPL (H) and PPL (H)

Reference: VFRG (H)

PPLH 2

Do 20 of 30 helicopter specific questions for RPL (H) and PPL (H)

Reference: VFRG (H)

PPLH 3

Do 20 of 30+ helicopter specific questions for RPL (H) and PPL (H)

Reference: VFRG (H)

PPLH Performance

Helicopter specific questions for PPL (H)

Reference: Bell 206 LR II & FAA Helicopter Flying Handbook

Do 20 of 40 questions.

PPLH Bell 206 LRII

Helicopter specific questions for PPL (H)

Reference: Bell 206 LR II Handbook

Do 20 of 35+ questions.

Use These Exams Below To Build Knowledge

Charts Advice

CASA identified charts as a cause of fails. Make sure you read this section.

GAF GPWT Advice

GAF GPWT and decoding weather are a major cause of fails. Make sure you read these sections on the BOM website and all the associated PDF's.

Loading Systems

Loading Questions, this exam is in early development, pls provide feedback.

PPL Performance 1

Do 35 questions

ISA, Density & Pressure Altitude

Forces, Air Speeds

PPL Performance 2

Do 40 questions, IAS, TAS, CAS

Calculations, Aircraft Category,

W&Bal, TO & L Performance, Alpha Chart

PPL Aircraft Weights

Do 15 questions. TOW, Moments

Moment Index, Load Distribution

W&Bal, Take Off Performance

PPL Meteorology 1

Do 15 questions, 1 of 6 exams

Layers, Ozone, Vapour,

Pressure Systems

PPL Meteorology 2

Do 15 questions, 2 of 6 exams

Layers, Ozone, Vapour,

Synoptic Charts & More

PPL Meteorology 3

Do 15 questions, 3 of 6 exams

Synoptic Charts, Gradients

Sea Breeze & More

PPL Meteorology 4

Do 15 questions, 4 of 6 exams

Wind, Wind Directions

Atmospheric Water

PPL Meteorology 5

Do 15 questions, 5 of 6 exams

Humidity, Dew Point

Inversion, Instability

PPL Meteorology 6

Do 15 questions, 6 of 6 exams

Fronts, Front Types

Wind Directions

PPL Local Meteorology

Do 20 questions, 1 of 4 exams

Cloud Formation, Cloud Types

Turbulence, Convergence

PPL Local Meteorology 2

Do 15 questions, 2 of 4 exams

Cloud Effects, ETAGE

Air Mass & Movement

PPL Local Meteorology 3

Do 15 questions, 3 of 4 exams

Fronts, Fog, Mist

Fog Types, VFR In Fog

PPL Local Meteorology 4

Do 15 questions, 4 of 4 exams

Mountain Wave, Lee

Rotors, Crossing Ranges

PPL Ice 1

Do 15 questions, 1 of 2 exams

Ice, Types, Formation

Conditions, Temps

PPL Ice 2

Do 10 questions, 2 of 2 exams

Frost, Ice Removal

Frost Formation

PPL Thunderstorms

Do 16 questions

Thunderstorms, Stages

Dangers, Levels

PPL Other Storms

Do 10 questions

Cyclones, Dust,

Tornadoes, Waterspouts

PPL Operational Met..

Do 15 questions, 1 of 2 exams

ARFOR, Abbrev...

Cloud, Visibility etc

PPL Operational Met 2

Do 20 of 25 questions, 2 of 2 exams

Reading ARFOR TAF etc

Warning Difficult

PPL Met.. NAIPS

Do 15 of 15 questions

ARFOR, Oktas

Fuel Reserve

Flight Notifications

Do 10 of 10 questions

Submitting Flight

Notifications to AA

Flight Navigation 2

Do 17 questions, 2 of 3 exams

Charts, Distance, Speeds

Fuel Planning & Calcs

Flight Navig 3 Time

Do 11 questions, 2 of 3 exams

UTC LMT Arc

BOD EOD GMT

PPL Preflight Planning

Do 15 questions

Track, Drift, GS, TAS

M° v  T°, Descents

PPL Enroute Navigation

Do 10 questions

TMG, 1in 60, Map to G

Fixing Positions

ATC Phrases - FREE

FREE TO TRY

Do 10 of 14 questions  on ATC phrases

Review Quiz to see answers.

PPL Flight Rules

Do 15 questions

Circuits, Calls, Indicators

Remote, Over Water

PPL Airspace

Do 15 questions

Classes, Procedures

CTR, Readbacks

PPL Maint & Inspections

Do 8 questions

Daily Inspections, Releases

Maint Allowed by PIC

RPL Aerodynamics 1

47 questions on RPL Aerodynamics Syllabus questions.

RPL Aerodynamics 2

48 more questions on RPL Aerodynamics Syllabus questions.

RPL Aerody.. Controls

Aerodynamic Controls

Do 20 questions in exam 1 of 2

Aerodynamics, Control Surfaces.

RPL Aerodynamic Design

Do 23 questions, exam 1 of 2

Flaps, Balancers, Drag

Flap Types, Flutter.

RPL Aerody.. Forces

Do 21 questions, exam 1 of 3

Aerodynamics Forces, Vectors

A of A, Stalling, Airfoils.

RPL Climbing

Do 15 questions on Angle, Rate,

Performance, Scenarios.

RPL Descending

Do 10 questions on  Descending, Power, Weight, Wind, Wind Shear.

RPL Manoeuvres 1

Do 15 questions, exam 1 of 2

Turns, Bank Angle, Balance

Load Factors, Calculations

RPL Manoeuvres 2

Do 26 questions, exam 2 of 2

Wind In Turns, Stalling IAS

Stalls, Wake Turbulence

RTF Alphabet

Do 26 questions

As Multi choice or

Fill In the Blank

Weather Forecast MP3

Download and listen to weather forecast info from the AIP e.g. OKTAS, and weather codes.

Downloads & Websites

Download Day VFR Workbook

Download the 56 page Day VFR Exam & Training Workbook. Learn the 4 box landing and takeoff charts plus loading alpha, bravo , charlie.

Download The CASA RPL PPL CPL Workbook

RPL PPL CPL Workbook Version 2018. RPL, PPL must know this all except echo. CPL must know Echo as well.

See Dec 2 2021 highlighted changes here.

CASA Current Rules

All the current Acts, regulations, associated legislative instruments and guidance material from CASA.

Go To The VFRG Website

This Visual flight rules guide (VFRG) has been designed primarily for VFR pilots engaged in domestic operations.The VFRG only comes in web and hard copy. Extremely useful. Examiner to supply but can be purchased here $35+.

Go To Part 61 MOS

The full Part 61 Manual Of Standards should you require it. Note I have a stripped down version under PPL Requirements

Download The VOR Blue Book

Commonly referred to in flying training circles as "the blue books", are in regular use with flying schools.

Download The NDB Blue Book

Commonly referred to in flying training circles as "the blue books", are in regular use with flying schools.

Download The ILS Blue Book

Commonly referred to in flying training circles as "the blue books", are in regular use with flying schools.

Download The DME Blue Book

Commonly referred to in flying training circles as "the blue books", are in regular use with flying schools.

Highly Relevant CASR

61.112 - 61.118 Flying As A Student Pilot

61.120 / 61.125 Operations With/without Radio Licence

61.16 Grant Of Flight Crew Licences

61.375 / 61.380 / 61.390 / 61.395 Limitations On Exercise Of Privileges Of Pilot Licence

61.400 Flight Reviews

61.405 / 61.410  Medical Requirements

61.420 Documents To Be Carried

61.422 English Language Requirements

61.755 Design Features Requiring Endorsements

61.430 Taxi, 61.435 / 61.1227 Radio

61.460 - 61.500 RPL

61.505 - 61.515 PPL

61.525 Training Requirements

67.235 Pregnancy

67.265 / 67.272 Obligations To Tell CASA Of Medical Changes / Impaired Flying

91.100 - 91.120 Carriage of documents

91.160 - 91.165 Firearms

91.273 - 91.285 VFR Flight Rules

91.287 - 91.320 IFR Flight Rules

91.360 - 91.405 Avoiding Collisions

91.410 - 91.430 Takeoff, Landing and Ground Operations

91.455 - 91.515  Fuel Requirements

91.520 - 91.620 Safety of Persons and Cargo

91.625 - 91.660 Instruments, Equipment, Systems

91.670 - 91.710 Signals, Emergencies, Hazards

91.795 - 91.800 Takeoff and Landing Performance

91.810 Equipment

Highly Relevant Part 91 MOS

Chapter 7 Weather

Chapter 8 Alternate

Chapter 10 Matters To Be Checked Before Takeoff

Chapter 11.02 Transition layer

11.11 - 11.18 Controlled airspace

11.3 PRD Areas

Chapter 12 Minimum Height Rules

Chapter 13 VFR Flights & Chapter 14 IFR

Chapter 19 Fuel Requirements Also see AC 91-25 and AC 91-15

Chapter 20 Safety Of Persons and Cargo

Chapter 21 Radio

Chapter 23 Aircraft Interception

Chapter 24 Takeoff Performance

Chapter 25 Landing Performance

Chapter 26 Equipment

 

Highly Relevant AIP

The AIP is to big to list all relevant items, know whats in it and how to find things in it during your exam. The VFRG will be quicker for most things.

****Learn to use the contents starting on approx page 19*****

AIP ENR 1.4-1 to 13  Airspace Classifications

AIP ENR 1.14-1 to 10 Accidents and Incidents and Reporting

All CASA legislative and advisory instruments available here

 

Highly Relevant CAR

Part 1 Reg 2 (6) - (10) Definitions ~
CAR's For Flight Rules 149-159 Towing, Dropping, Picking Up People, Parachute Ops, Public Gatherings, Low Flying, Radio Failure
CAR 143 -144 Firearms Carriage & Discharge
CAR 150 Dropping Articles
CAR 156 Flight Over Public Gatherings
CAR's For Rules Of The Air 161 - 163 Right Of Way & Collision Prevention
CAR 166-166E For Non-Controlled Aerodromes & CAR 167 Is Controlled Aerodromes
CAR 170 - 174D VFR Rules 175-181 IFR Rules
CAR 182-203 Signals, 226 Dual Controls**** , 227 -248 Know where to find them if needed.
General Ops CAR's 249 Prohibited Pax, 251 Seatbelts***, 252 Emergency Systems, 252A ELT,, 254 Do Not Obstruct Exits,
255 Smoking** , 253 Life Saving Equipment****** , 256 Intoxicate Pilots**** , CAR 256A Carriage Of Animals***, 257 Aerodrome Met Minima
258 Flights Over Water ******
Schedule 8 Maintenance That Can Be Carried Out By Pilots ~pg37
All CASA legislative and advisory instruments available here

CAR is allowed int he exam and can be very useful if you to used the index.

Highly Relevant Charts & Nav Gear For PPL

 

Sydney, Townsville & Bourke WACs, AUS PCA, ERSA, Learn To Use Your Flight Calculator (Dist, Time, Fuel)

 

Meteorology Suggested Reading

  • B.O.M. Manual of Meteorology
  • AIP Book* with particular emphasis on GEN 3.5
  • The following links need to be copied and pasted as they are not https.
  • Several Tabs On This Page http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/knowledge-centre/
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/charts/sigwx/#
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/ttf.pdf
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/taf.pdf
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/gaf/
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/gridpoint.pdf
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/sigmet.pdf
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/windtemp-charts.pdf
  • http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/metar-speci.pdf
  • http://reg.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/thunderstorms.pdf
  • http://reg.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/icing.pdf
  • http://reg.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/turbulence.pdf
  • http://reg.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/wind-shear.pdf
  • http://reg.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/area-qnh.pdf
  • http://reg.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/flying-se.pdf
  • http://reg.bom.gov.au/aviation/data/education/flying-tropics.pdf

 

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The PPL Exam

The PPL exam is supervised by your CFI or CFI appointed Invigilator. The PPL exam is 3.5 hours with a pass mark of 70%, 55-60 multiple choice & numerical value questions ranging in marks from 1-3 marks each. Pass rate for 2015 was 64.29% and average time to complete took 165 minutes. Alarmingly that means you have more than a 1 in 3 chance of failing...

Areas that candidates require more learning include:

  • Interpreting of navigation aids, ADF/NDB, VOR and knowledge of GNSS
  • Effect of lowering flaps on performance of glide or descent, including AOA, the effect of a change in weight and speed
  • Factors affecting the angle of climb.
  • Interpretation of maps and charts

This data is obtained from CASA

The standards you must meet are outlined in Part 61 MOS

You should be familiar with RPL PPL CPL Workbook

You should buy a copy and label bookmarks for the VFR Guide , you may print on off here in the mean time.

Note there are strict rules about EXACTLY what you can take into the exam and how many pages you can tag. You should Google search "CASA permitted materials" for the most up to date information.

 

The Following Is From CASA Website Mar 2017

See: https://www.casa.gov.au/standard-page/rpl-and-ppl-exams 

PPLA – PPL(Aeroplane) examination

Time permitted 3 hours 30 minutes. Pass mark, not less than 70%

Aspeq Invigilation fee* $118.50 + CASA fee $65 = $183.50

* Where the exam is sat at a flying school, the invigilation fee may vary from this amount.

Permitted material required to be supplied by the candidate:

A candidate may use either the Airservices List, OR the Jeppesen List of permitted materials ONLY. All other combinations of materials are NOT permitted.

Airservices list

CAR 1988

Part 61 of CASR

Part 91 of CASR and Part 91 MOS

CASR Part 91 Plain English Guide

AC 91-02

AIP Book

ERSA

AUS PCA

Visual Flight Rules Guide (VFRG)

Sydney, Townsville and Bourke WACs

Navigation equipment

A basic calculator

Jeppesen list

CAR 1988

Part 61 of CASR

Part 91 of CASR and Part 91 MOS

CASR Part 91 Plain English Guide

AC 91-02

Jeppesen Airway Manual

AUS PCA

Visual Flight Rules Guide (VFRG)

Sydney, Townsville and Bourke WACs

Navigation equipment

A basic calculator

Permitted material to be provided by the Invigilator with the examination, which must be returned on completion of examination:

PPL & CPL (Aeroplane) workbook, pen, pencil, ruler, eraser and scribble pad only.

WARNING: The VFRG may not contain updated regulations, orders and/or procedures. As exam questions are based on current laws and procedures, use of the VFRG should be supported by current publications. WARNING: Candidates are reminded that the examination content (questions and/or answers) and all material provided are only for the sitting of the examination, and must not be copied or taken out of the examination room for study, training or any other purposes. This rule includes all calculations, writings, drawings or scribbling done on the scribble pad provided. Any breach of the rules may give CASA grounds for taking action against the candidate under CAR 298A, which action could lead to the outcome indicated in CAR 298A (5).

NOTE: The VFRG referred to in these lists of permitted material is that document produced by CASA and not by a third party.

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