Recreational Pilots Licence RPL / BAK Pilot Practice Exams
Note: BAK and Pre-Sol exams vary wildly between flight schools.
Where exams say 20 of 40 or similar, it means you will be given 20 questions from a bank of 40. You would need to do that exam at least 3 times to see virtually all questions.
Be sure to read each of the expander boxes.
Fuel reserves are in accordance with CASR Part 91 Table 19.02 for aeroplanes ≤5700kg by Day VFR.
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1. RPL Final Prep Exams
RPL Final Prep 1 to 3, will be toughest of the lot and should be done later in your preparation. You will get 40 questions from a bank of over 100 questions, so do them many times.
The RPL Syllabus Practice Exams
CASA likes to change questions often, so ignoring these below will guarantee a fail.
Licence Limits & Requirements
Flight Rules And Air Law
The VFRG will be your best buddy in the exam for air law or flight rules questions, CASA regularly runs out of stock. Order one ASAP, you will want it for RPL and PPL.
Aerodynamics, Climbing, Descending & Manoeuvres (Aero)
Meteorology & Local Meteorology (MET)
Performance & Loading
Know the new fuel requirements, mainly for private day VFR final reserves.
Know your takeoff and landing performance charts well. You will definitely get TO and LDG charts, and probably an Alpha, Bravo or Charlie loading system chart.
New Fuel Dec 2021
Part 91 Fuel Questions
Do 30 of 55 questions.
Do 30 of 40+ Loading Questions.
CASA identified charts as a cause of fails. Make sure you read this section.
RPL PPL CPL Workbook
Make sure you know this workbook inside out and back to front except the Echo loading system.
Human Factors & TEM
You wont get examined very deeply on any of these, but expect to see some Human Factors about hypoxia, vision, smoking and alcohol. TEM just know some very basics, it is included in PPL, not RPL.
Use these RAA HF exams. Focus on Final Prep 1 & 2 and pay close attention to times for alcohol and hypoxia.
Up in the main menu under Other > Radio Call Recordings, we have 15 recordings of various towers, ground stations and ATIS. Some people may find these very helpful.
RPLN - RPL Navigation (Is A Separate Exam)
The RPLN exam is based primarily on the requirements of Part 61, MOS Schedule 3, Units 1.1.1 BAKC, 1.7.1 PNVC, but may include items requirement for navigation and for the safe conduct of a VFR flight, including:
- Properties of maps and charts
- Rhumb line tracks, great circle tracks and exact straight line tracks – i.e. drawn with a ruler
- Visual navigation requirements, position fixing & reporting, track keeping requirements
- Altimetry rules, serviceability of altimeters for VFR flights and setting of QNH – when to change from area QNH to circuit QNH
- Forecast requirements and interpretation of forecasts, determination of alternate and/or holding requirements
- Determination of fuel requirements – Part 91 MOS Chapter 19 & AC 91-15
- Circuit entry and departure requirements
- SAR requirements, nomination of SAR, amend/cancel or SAR,
- Radio frequency selections
- Transponder operations, normal and emergency codes
- Lost procedures
- Emergency procedures – loss of radio, mercy flights, distress messages (MAYDAY and PAN calls)
These 3 RPL Nav exams include the bullet points above. The BAK questions are below. Candidates should also cover other exams and questions on this page based on the above information. RPLN candidate should also be hyper aware of how to find things quickly in ERSA and the VFRG as well as Fuel Requirements from CASR Part 91 Chapter 19 and Table 19.02, plus the definitions section and AC 91-15.
Fuel questions will be for aeroplanes ≤5700kg (piston or turboprop) under Day VFR, or for Rotorcraft under Day VFR conditions.
Fuel related questions will provide information and be worded in such a way that candidates can answer the question regardless of if they are aeroplane or helicopter (Rotorcraft).
Basic Aeronautical Knowledge (BAK) Syllabus Exams
CASA exams are heavily aeroplane focused, with common units and then helicopter add-ons.
RPL(H) should study most the RPL(A) and these exams below.
Do these and the RPL Syllabus first. You must be able to score in the mid 90's in every one of these, or you are not ready.
Highly Relevant CASR
61.112 - 61.118 Flying As A Student Pilot
61.120 / 61.125 Operations With/without Radio Licence
61.16 Grant Of Flight Crew Licences
61.375 / 61.380 / 61.390 / 61.395 Limitations On Exercise Of Privileges Of Pilot Licence
61.400 Flight Reviews
61.405 / 61.410 Medical Requirements
61.420 Documents To Be Carried
61.422 English Language Requirements
61.755 Design Features Requiring Endorsements
61.430 Taxi, 61.435 / 61.1227 Radio
61.460 - 61.500 RPL
61.505 - 61.515 PPL
61.525 Training Requirements
67.265 / 67.272 Obligations To Tell CASA Of Medical Changes / Impaired Flying
91.100 - 91.120 Carriage of documents
91.160 - 91.165 Firearms
91.273 - 91.285 VFR Flight Rules
91.287 - 91.320 IFR Flight Rules
91.360 - 91.405 Avoiding Collisions
91.410 - 91.430 Takeoff, Landing and Ground Operations
91.455 - 91.515 Fuel Requirements
91.520 - 91.620 Safety of Persons and Cargo
91.625 - 91.660 Instruments, Equipment, Systems
91.670 - 91.710 Signals, Emergencies, Hazards
91.795 - 91.800 Takeoff and Landing Performance
Highly Relevant Part 91 MOS
Chapter 7 Weather
Chapter 8 Alternate
Chapter 10 Matters To Be Checked Before Takeoff
Chapter 11.02 Transition layer
11.11 - 11.18 Controlled airspace
11.3 PRD Areas
Chapter 12 Minimum Height Rules
Chapter 13 VFR Flights & Chapter 14 IFR
Chapter 19 Fuel Requirements Also see AC 91-25 and AC 91-15
Chapter 20 Safety Of Persons and Cargo
Chapter 21 Radio
Chapter 23 Aircraft Interception
Chapter 24 Takeoff Performance
Chapter 25 Landing Performance
Chapter 26 Equipment
Highly Relevant AIP
The AIP is to big to list all relevant items, know whats in it and how to find things in it during your exam. The VFRG will be quicker for most things.
****Learn to use the contents starting on approx page 19*****
AIP ENR 1.4-1 to 13 Airspace Classifications
AIP ENR 1.14-1 to 10 Accidents and Incidents and Reporting
Highly Relevant CAR
Part 1 Reg 2 (6) - (10) Definitions ~
CAR's For Flight Rules 149-159 Towing, Dropping, Picking Up People, Parachute Ops, Public Gatherings, Low Flying, Radio Failure
CAR 143 -144 Firearms Carriage & Discharge
CAR 150 Dropping Articles
CAR 156 Flight Over Public Gatherings
CAR's For Rules Of The Air 161 - 163 Right Of Way & Collision Prevention
CAR 166-166E For Non-Controlled Aerodromes & CAR 167 Is Controlled Aerodromes
CAR 170 - 174D VFR Rules 175-181 IFR Rules
CAR 182-203 Signals, 226 Dual Controls**** , 227 -248 Know where to find them if needed.
General Ops CAR's 249 Prohibited Pax, 251 Seatbelts***, 252 Emergency Systems, 252A ELT,, 254 Do Not Obstruct Exits,
255 Smoking** , 253 Life Saving Equipment****** , 256 Intoxicate Pilots**** , CAR 256A Carriage Of Animals***, 257 Aerodrome Met Minima
258 Flights Over Water ******
Schedule 8 Maintenance That Can Be Carried Out By Pilots ~pg37
All CASA legislative and advisory instruments available here
CAR is allowed int he exam and can be very useful if you to used the index.
Highly Relevant Charts & Nav Gear For PPL
Sydney, Townsville & Bourke WACs, AUS PCA, ERSA, Learn To Use Your Flight Calculator (Dist, Time, Fuel)
The RPLA exam is based primarily on the requirements of Part 91 and Part 61 MOS Schedule 3, units 1.1.1 BAKC, 1.1.2 RBKA, unit 1.5.1 RFRC, unit 1.8.1 RMTC and 1.6.1 PHFC.
You must also know all take-off and landing charts, plus Alpha Bravo and Charlie loading charts from the RPL PPL CPL Workbook
You will also need a hard copy of THE VISUAL FLIGHT RULES GUIDE [VFRG]
Available from a range of places including https://www.vfrg.com.au
Also use an AIP ENR & AIP GEN & ERSA & Aus PCA in the exam
Also Use the Part 91 Plain English Guide, Part 91 MOS and Part 91 CASR
Meteorology Suggested Reading
- B.O.M. Manual of Meteorology
- AIP Book* with particular emphasis on GEN 3.5
- The following links need to be copied and pasted, since they are not https.
- Several Tabs On This Page http://www.bom.gov.au/aviation/knowledge-centre/