When To Make Broadcasts & How

Always  ‘Look, Talk and Turn’.

All your positional broadcast when congestion permits should include:

  1. Location  eg Port Traffic or Port Macquarie Traffic, Taree Traffic, Coffs Traffic or Coffs Harbour Traffic
  2. Your callsign  eg Foxbat 1234, Jabiru 3456
  3. Your position in reference to the aerodrome eg: 3 miles SW at 2000
  4. Your intentions eg inbound to join downwind
  5. Location again eg: Port Macquarie

Its easiest to learn if we divide your radio usage into categories indicated below. In each section there are examples of what is required. Your exact call will depend on your instructor and local radio congestion at the time. I have provided correct examples and a few abbreviated calls you may use in heavy radio congestion. Only abbreviate if congestion requires you to do so.

 

CASA has an excellent outline on the procedures for non towered aerodromes.

See: https://www.casa.gov.au/sites/g/files/net351/f/_assets/main/download/caaps/ops/166-1.pdf

7.3.4 Table 2 sets out the recommended broadcasts, but pilots may use discretion in determining the number and type of broadcasts they make. For example, when operating from a private or remote airstrip, a single broadcast declaring an intention to take-off and track in particular direction may be all that is required where there is no response to the initial transmission.

broadcasts

7.3.5 In addition to making positional broadcasts, pilots should listen to other broadcasts to increase situational awareness. This ‘alerted see-and-avoid’ strategy results in an eight-fold increase in the likelihood of seeing another aircraft.

Radio Calls Prior To Takeoff

  • Taxiing for run ups or runways
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 taxiing for runway 21 runups to follow Port Macquarie, or
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 taxiing for runway 21 Port Macquarie or
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 taxiing for 21 Port Macquarie
  • Taxiing to or from fuel bowser
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 taxiing for fuel bowser Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 taxiing from fuel bowser to ………Port Macquarie
  • Entering runway
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 entering runway 21 for circuits Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 entering 21 for circuits Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 entering and back tracking runway 21 for circuits Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 entering and rolling runway 21 for circuits Port Macquarie
  • Rolling runway
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 rolling runway 21 for circuits Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 rolling runway 21 for overhead departure to ……….. Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 rolling runway 21 for departure to NE training area Port Macquarie

Radio Calls When In The Circuit

radio-calls-in-circuit-3

 

  • Turning downwind
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 turning downwind 21 Port Macquarie
  • On downwind – the longest leg, often aircraft want to know where you are
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 shortly joining downwind 21 Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 early downwind 21 Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 mid downwind 21 Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 late downwind 21 Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 extended downwind 21 Port Macquarie
  • Turning base
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 turning left base 21 Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 turning base Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 turning base Port
  • Turning final, most RAA aircraft don’t make this call, nearly all PPL do
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 turning final 21 Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 turning final Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 turning final Port
  • Short final, we only make this call if someone needs to know, eg an aircraft approaching the runway from a taxiway
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 short final 21 Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 short final Port Macquarie
    • Foxbat 1234 short final 21
  • When airborne off runway and some conflicting traffic needs to know your position
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 just airborne off 21 Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 just airborne off 21 climbing through 200 Port Macquarie
  • When on crosswind and some conflicting traffic needs to know your position (they are usually approaching downwind)
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 crosswind 21 Port Macquarie
  • When on a go around or missed approach
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 missed approach 21 Port Macquarie
    • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234  going around 21 Port Macquarie

Radio Calls When Flying In The Local Area – Not In Circuit

  • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 3 miles NE at 3500 “plus your intention”  Port Macquarie
  • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 3 miles NE at 3500 operating between 2000 & 4000 next wun zero minutes  Port Macquarie
  • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 5 miles West operating next wun five minutes between 1000and 2000 Port Macquarie

Radio Calls When Inbound

radio-calls-in-circuit-joining

  • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 10 miles SW inbound at 1500 circuit time 53 Port Macquarie
  • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 10 miles SW inbound at 1500 53 Port Macquarie
  • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 3 miles SW at 1500 inbound to join midfield crosswind for 21 circuit time 53 (time past the hour)  Port Macquarie
  • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 5 miles West at 1500 inbound to join mid downwind for 03, circuit time 28 Port Macquarie

Radio Calls When Departing

radio-calls-in-circuit-departing

 

Try not to abbreviate or leave out anything on departure calls as if you go missing this information can be vital in finding you.

  • Port Traffic Foxbat 1234 overhead at 2000 on climb to 8500, tracking 270 for Walcha departure time 53 Port Macquarie

Radio Calls When Exiting A Runway

Every time you exit a runway you should make a “clear of runway” broadcast. These take a few different forms, depending on where people have been trained. The most common include:

Port Traffic, Foxbat 1234, clear of runway 21, Port Macquarie, or

Port Traffic, Foxbat 1234, clear of runways, Port Macquarie, or

Port Traffic, Foxbat 1234, clear of all runway, Port Macquarie, or

And often they will add the words “end detail” meaning flight finished, no further radio calls

Eg: Port Traffic, Foxbat 1234, clear of runway 21, end detail, Port Macquarie